Auto Mechanics

Category:  Vocational
Skill Level 2
Original Honor 1928 Updated 2018
Adventsource Honors Handbook PDF
Adventsource Catalog: #005060 Patch Order (must have approved order login)
Wikibooks.org Article/Answer Key 
Originating Organization:  General Conference

Requirements:
Note:  
This is the NAD version of the honor requirements.   For the General Conference honor requirements visit here.  The patch is identical.  

  1. Properly start an automobile or light truck engine with an automatic transmission, and then one with a standard transmission. Briefly explain why it is necessary for the engine to have the proper oil, water, fuel, and battery pressures and levels for proper engine operation.
  2. Briefly describe how a keyless ignition system functions. Properly start an automobile or light truck with a push button start/stop assembly.
  3. Briefly explain the following concepts:
    1. The principles of four-cycle engine vs. a two-cycle engine.
    2. The difference between a gasoline and a diesel engine.
    3. The major differences between carburetor fuel systems and fuel-injection systems.
    4. The principles of an electric vehicle.
  4. What is an ECU? Give three practical examples of its use.
  5. Briefly explain the function of the following:
    1. Engine: crankshaft, connecting rods, pistons, camshaft, valves, oil pump, carburetor, fuel injectors, ignition distributor, fuel distributor, electrical system including alternator, battery, and regulator
    2. Transmission: The difference between standard transmission and automatic transmission and how the engine torque is transmitted to both kinds of transmissions; the purpose of overdrive
    3. Drivetrain: The difference between rear wheel drive, front wheel drive, and all-wheel drive.
    4. Brakes: The difference between drum brakes and disk brakes, standard brakes and power brakes, and the parking brake
  6. Describe 2 techniques used to measure the tread depth of a tire.
  7. What is a tire pressure gauge?  Briefly describe:
    1. where to check for the recommended tire pressure
    2. the process of adjusting the tire pressure as necessary
    3. what takes place when the tire pressure is low
  8. How often should the engine oil, transmission oil, and cooling fluid be changed?
  9. Give some pointers on proper care of the vehicle and its finish, both interior, and exterior.
  10. Be able to describe and locate each of the following items, if equipped.
    1. Fuel Pump
    2. Gaskets
    3. Muffler
    4. Spark Plugs
    5. Timing Belt
    6. Water Pump
    7. Radiator
    8. Catalytic Converter
    9. Paddle Shifters
    10. Single/Dual Exhaust
    11. Cruise Control
    12. Suspension (Shocks & Struts)
    13. Brake Assist
    14. Air Bags
    15. Keyless Entry
    16. Fuse Box
    17. Master Cylinder
  11. Perform typical automotive maintenance as listed below:
    1. Check engine and transmission oil levels.
    2. Check water/antifreeze level. Change and flush the cooling system.
    3. Change engine oil and filter.
    4. Change a tire, following proper safety procedure.
    5. Lubricate the chassis according to the vehicle service manual.
    6. Check windshield wipers and replace if necessary
    7. Check windshield wiper fluid reservoir and adjust fluid levels as necessary
    8. Check power steering fluid levels.
    9. Check front, rear, and turning signal lights.
    10. Check air filter and replace if necessary
    11. Check cabin filter and replace if necessary